Learning Disability (Math)
Observing Learning Disability (Math) in the Classroom
Faculty might observe the following characteristics in students with a learning disability in math:
- May reverse, rotate, substitute, omit, or transpose figures, equations, or numbers
- May have difficulty differentiating between mathematical symbols
- May have difficulty appropriately lining up columns of numbers
- May be unable to quickly perform mental mathematics
- May have difficulty generating or understanding diagrams
- May have difficulty solving complex problems with multiple steps under time constraint
- National Center for Learning Disabilities
- Math Learning Disability Resource
- LD Online
Related Functional Characteristics
Fatigue (Cognitive) : The necessity for students to implement compensatory strategies because of working and long term memory deficits result in cognitive fatigue.
Fluid Reasoning : Students with fluid reasoning deficits have difficulty solving mathematical problems requiring inductive and deductive reasoning rapidly and may need to employ strategies that require extended time.
Information Processing Speed : Information processing speed deficits make it difficult to solve complex mathematical problems without time to employ appropriate strategies.
Long Term Memory Deficit : Retrieving correct mathematical facts or formula from long term memory requires students to implement strategies that require extra processing time.
Processing Deficit (Visual) : Visual processing deficits impact a student's ability to perceive, analyze, synthesize and recognize visual patterns.
Sequencing Deficit : Sequencing of information critical to performing mathematical computation makes it necessary for students to employ strategies to ensure they are performing steps in the appropriate order.
Visual Tracking Problem : Students with visual tracking problems have difficulty isolating individual lines in math problems and proofs.
Working / Short Term Memory Deficit : Representation and manipulation of information necessary to execute multiple steps require students to implement strategies that require extra processing time.
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