## Learning Disability (Math)

## Observing Learning Disability (Math) in the Classroom

Faculty might observe the following characteristics in students with a learning disability in math:

- May reverse, rotate, substitute, omit, or transpose figures, equations, or numbers
- May have difficulty differentiating between mathematical symbols
- May have difficulty appropriately lining up columns of numbers
- May be unable to quickly perform mental mathematics
- May have difficulty generating or understanding diagrams
- May have difficulty solving complex problems with multiple steps under time constraint

## Resources

- National Center for Learning Disabilities

http://www.ncld.org/ - Math Learning Disability Resource

http://www.dyscalculia.org - LD Online

http://www.ldonline.org/

## Related Functional Characteristics

**Fatigue (Cognitive)
:
**The necessity for students to implement compensatory strategies because of working and long term memory deficits result in cognitive fatigue.

**Fluid Reasoning
:
**Students with fluid reasoning deficits have difficulty solving mathematical problems requiring inductive and deductive reasoning rapidly and may need to employ strategies that require extended time.

**Information Processing Speed
:
**Information processing speed deficits make it difficult to solve complex mathematical problems without time to employ appropriate strategies.

**Long Term Memory Deficit
:
**Retrieving correct mathematical facts or formula from long term memory requires students to implement strategies that require extra processing time.

**Processing Deficit (Visual)
:
**Visual processing deficits impact a student's ability to perceive, analyze, synthesize and recognize visual patterns.

**Sequencing Deficit
:
**Sequencing of information critical to performing mathematical computation makes it necessary for students to employ strategies to ensure they are performing steps in the appropriate order.

**Visual Tracking Problem
:
**Students with visual tracking problems have difficulty isolating individual lines in math problems and proofs.

**Working / Short Term Memory Deficit
:
**Representation and manipulation of information necessary to execute multiple steps require students to implement strategies that require extra processing time.

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