Eating disorders are dysfunctional eating behaviors, such as extreme reduction of food intake or extreme overeating, or feelings of extreme distress or concern about body weight or shape.
Eating disorders are medical illnesses with complex underlying psychological and biological causes. Treating eating disorders requires assistance from physicians, psychologists and dietitians and often requires a special diet. Students with eating disorders often have other conditions both psychological and physical such as depression, anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder, kidney or heart disease, anemia or vitamin deficiencies.
Observing Eating Disorder in the Classroom
Faculty might observe the following in a student with an eating disorder:
- May be absent more often than others
- May not participate in any activity that involves eating
- May avoid presentations or activities that would put them in front of the class
- May be susceptible to infection or viruses
- NIMH's Eating Disorder Information
Related Functional Characteristics
Dietary Needs : Often a physician or nutritionist will prescribe a specific diet or caloric intake for a student with an eating disorder.
Fatigue (Physical) : Students with eating disorders may experience physical fatigue due to malnutrition.
Seizures : Students with eating disorders may have seizures due to dehydration, low blood sugar, anemia, or malnutrition.
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