Articulation problems can be due to physical impairments or neurological impairments that affect control of the muscles that are involved in speech production. There are three types of articulation errors: omissions (leaving sounds out), substitutions (replacing difficult sounds with easier ones), and distortions (attempting to produce the sound results in a poor approximation). Articulation difficulties differ from verbal production problems because verbal production problems are entirely due to speech processing in the brain while problems with articulation focus on the physical capability of speech production. Articulation difficulties impact academics when speech or in-class participation is a required component of the class.
- Do you have difficulty making yourself understood to people who are not familiar with you?
- What accommodations or strategies have been effective in the past?
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