Accommodation Solutions Online

Processing Deficit (Visual) (3B)

Visual processing is the ability to perceive, analyze, synthesize, and think with visual patterns including the ability to store and recall visual representations.
Difficulties with visual processing affect how visual information is interpreted or processed. The student may find it difficult to visually discriminate in terms of foreground-background, forms, size, and position in space. Students with visual processing disorders have difficulty accurately or quickly synthesizing and/or analyzing visually presented information. Specifically, students with visual processing deficits may have problems understanding, detecting, or interpreting visual information such as spatial relationships, figure-ground discrimination, object recognition, whole/part relationships, or visual closure. Visual processing deficits include the reversal and rotation of letters and numbers.

Formal Diagnostics

  • Bender Gestalt Visual Motor Test: Score at or under the 35th percentile rank.
  • Wechsler Scales (WISC IV, WAIS, IV), Block Design: Score at or under the 35th percentile rank.
  • Wechsler Scales (WISC IV, WAIS, IV), Object Assembly: Score at or under the 35th percentile rank.
  • Wechsler Scales (WISC IV, WAIS, IV), Picture Completion: Score at or under the 35th percentile rank.
  • Woodcock-Johnson (WCJ III COG), Visual Spatial Thinking: Score at or under the 35th percentile rank.

Intake Questions

  • Do you often feel like visual information presented in lecture moves too fast?
  • Do you have trouble identifying the important information in a diagram?
  • Do you have difficulty following visual instructions such as maps or an assembly diagram?
  • Do you misspell words that you know how to spell but somehow you reverse or rotate letters?
  • What accommodations or strategies have been effective in the past?

Resources

The Building Accepting Campus Communities (BACC) project was funded by the US Department of Education Office of Secondary Education grant #P333A080070-09. The University of Nebraska does not discriminate based on gender, age, disability, race, color, religion, marital status, veteran's status, national or ethnic origin, or sexual orientation.